Little Town on the Prairie - Week 1

Little Town on the Prairie Lapbook:

U.S. Presidents:







Sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella) is a tall herb that is found in grasslands, prairies, meadows, fields, pastures, and roadsides of Europe, Asia, and North America. This perennial plant from the buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family was originally from Eurasia, but is now naturalized throughout Canada and the United States. Sheep sorrel is also known as field sorrel, red top sorrel, sour grass, common sorrel, and dog-eared sorrel. The plant is related to other highly acidic members of the Rumex genus, including French or garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa). You can read more here.




Tour of Our Little House Log Cabin

The girls looove to play "Little House" and have turned our upstairs loft area into their "log cabin". They decorated it like it was back in the pioneer days complete with lace, simple table settings and quilts. "M" is the responsible, older sister, Mary, and "A" is the spirited, younger sister, Laura, who apparently is currently sick with Scarlett Fever :-O "Little House" music is playing in the background from our "Prairie Primer" blog and they are having so much fun! Here's a tour of their "work"...

The Long Winter - Week 4

Fascinator - A woman's head scarf made of net or lace


PSALM 61:1-2
Hear my cry, O God;
listen to my prayer.
From the ends of the earth I call to you,
I call as my heart grows faint;
lead me to the rock that is higher than I.

PHILIPPIANS 4:11, 13 and 19
I am not saying this because I am in need, for I have learned to be content whatever the circumstances. I can do everything through him who gives me strength. And my God will meet all your needs according to his glorious riches in Christ Jesus.

PSALM 146:7
He upholds the cause of the oppressed and gives food to the hungry. The LORD sets prisoners free...

PSALM 37:25
I was young and now I am old, yet I have never seen the righteous forsaken or their children begging bread.

MATTHEW 6:8-13
Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. "This, then, is how you should pray:
Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
Your kingdom come,
your will be done
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us today our daily bread.
Forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.

The Long Winter - Week 3


What is the difference between whole wheat flour and refined white flour?
White flour has had the inner husk or bran and the germ (the seed) parts removed so that just the starch contents of the wheat remain.
Whole wheat flour has all these ground into the flour, so has more fibre and nutrients. It also has a little more oil, (such as the wheat bran oil), and therefore has a shorter shelf life.
Whole wheat flour requires a little more moisture to be added to recipes when used instead of refined/plain/white wheat flour because the bran absorbs some moisture.


McGuffey's Fifth Eclectic Reader by William Holmes McGuffey, can be read on-line here.

tu'-bal-kan (tubhal qayin): One of the sons of Lamech (Genesis 4:22). He is a brother of Jabal and Jubal, who appear to have been the founders of several industries and articles The text (loTesh kol choresh nechosheth u-bharzel) has been the cause of endless dispute. Holzinger and Gunkel hold that laTash was a marginal gloss to charash, and that, as in Genesis 4:20 and 21, there stood before kal originally hu hayah 'abhi. This would make Tubal-cain the founder of the metal industry, and place him in a class similar to that of his brothers. The Septuagint, however, has no equivalent of qayin. This omission leads Dillmann, Wellhausen, and others to the position that "Tubal" originally stood alone, and qayin, being a later addition, was translated "smith." Many commentators identify Tubal with the Assyrian Tubal, a people living Southwest of the Black Sea; in later times they were called "Tibareni" (Ezekiel 27:13). Tubal may be the eponymous ancestor of these people, whose principal industry seems to have been the manufacture of vessels of bronze and iron.


The Long Winter - Week 2

Check the sunrise and sunset times in your state here.

WIND CHILL FACTOR - Still-air temperature that would have the same cooling effect on exposed skin as a given combination of temperature and wind speed. As the wind speed increases, the wind chill equivalent temperature decreases; e.g., an air temperature of 30 °F ( – 1.1 °C) with a wind speed of 20 mph (32.2 kph) produces a wind chill of 17 °F ( – 8 °C). Wind chill is often included in weather reports to describe how cold it feels.




The Long Winter - Week 1


The Homestead Act of 1862 was passed by the U.S. Congress. It provided for the transfer of 160 acres (65 hectares) of unoccupied public land to each homesteader on payment of a nominal fee after five years of residence; land could also be acquired after six months of residence at $1.25 an acre. The government had previously sold land to settlers in the West for revenue purposes. As the West became politically stronger, however, pressure was increased upon Congress to guarantee free land to settlers. Several bills providing for free distribution of land were defeated in Congress; in 1860 a bill was passed in Congress but was vetoed by President Buchanan. With the ascendancy of the Republican party (which had committed itself to homestead legislation) and with the secession of the South (which had opposed free distribution of land), the Homestead Act, sponsored by Galusha A. Grow, became law. In 1976 it expired in all the states but Alaska, where it ended in 1986. See the actual Act here.


Ginger Water Recipe

3/4 cup brown sugar
1 teaspoon powdered ginger
1/2 cup cider vinegar
1 quart cold water
serving pitcher
gingeral ale, optional

In a bowl, dissolve the sugar and powdered ginger together with the vinegar.
Pour into the cold water and stir well.
Add ice to a serving pitcher, add the ginger water mixture, and stir well.
You can drink it chilled as it is, or you can mix it with ginger ale added to your preference.


Adults and children need three types of exercise to build a strong body:

1. Cardiovascular: Exercise experts call this aerobic exercise. Aerobic is just a fancy word for "with oxygen", and simply means that you are getting your heart rate up. Exercising in this way makes your body's heart and large muscles stronger.

How Much? The very latest evidence suggests that kids need about 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week. For adults, at least 4 days a week, if not daily.

What Types? Soccer, basketball, football, tennis, hockey, and other sports you play and practice; cycling, walking, running, swimming, canoeing, skating, roller blading, skipping, playing hopscotch, skiing, snowboarding, dancing, jumping rope, to name a few...

2. Stretching: Staying flexible is one way to avoid getting strains and sprains when active. It's easy, you can even stretch while watching television. Always stretch before and after any activity, so that muscles stay relaxed. That means fewer injuries and a better workout. Some activities can actually make you more flexible, including yoga, ballet, gymnastics, tumbling and martial arts, such as tai chi and karate.
Everyone should participate in flexibility building activities 4 to 7 times a week.

3. Strengthening: You are absolutely right if you think that stronger muscles are good for your health. Muscle building activities should be included in your workouts at least 2 to 4 days a week. While most people associate weight lifting with strength training, beware - for children, weight lifting is not recommended! Instead, try: push-ups, sit-ups, dips, knee bends, throwing, pulling and pushing (like vacuuming). Building strong muscles makes it easier to do just about anything. Plus, an added bonus, muscle mass is more metabolically active, so the more you have, the more efficiently the body uses calories for fuel.

NOCTURNAL - belonging to or active during the night



Lesson Plans from NASA
Common Misconceptions about Day and Night, Seasons
Lesson Plans from


Precipitation - Rain, snow, hail, or sleet.

Precipitation Coloring Sheet
On-line Meteorology Guide
Definitions of Precipitation
Water Cycle Lapbook

INDIAN SUMMER - an informal expression given to a period of sunny, warm weather in autumn in the Northern Hemisphere, typically in late October or early November, after the leaves have turned following an onset of frost but before the first snowfall.